Instructions for writing a persuasive essay

Smooth transitions that connect the ideas of adjoining paragraphs in specific, interesting ways. Use of counterarguments to summarize and refute opposing positions. A conclusion that emphasizes your central idea without being repetitive. The 5-Paragraph Essay incorporates the elements listed above in the following basic structure: Introductory paragraph with a clear, concise thesis. Three body paragraphs that offer evidence and analysis connecting that evidence to the thesis.

Then find a topic that fits the assignment.

But make sure your topic is not so narrow that it lacks significance. Before starting your research, make a list of facts—everything you already know about your topic.

Step 2: Structure Your Essay

This list may be long or short depending on your level of knowledge. Make another list, this time of your ideas and opinions on the topic. Begin with the strongest opinions and list them in descending order according to your level of conviction. Ask yourself why you hold these opinions. But you should also be open to changing these opinions if facts and logic warrant such change.

Try to come up with an original, debatable perspective on your topic and write a tentative thesis statement that reflects your view concisely. Describe your project ideas to a librarian and ask for recommendations on where to look for the resources you need. The main purpose of your research is to for you to become very well-informed about your topic. Immerse yourself in all the relevant factual data AND acquaint yourself with the most prominent, compelling opinions on the central issues.

Look for sources that include unusual aspects of your topic, or unconventional perspectives on it—these may provide interesting, surprising angles from which to approach your argument. Read your sources critically and ask yourself what informs the various perspectives on your topic. Which sources seem best informed?

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Which use the most compelling logic? Ask people why they feel the way they do. The initiative is yours—you must acknowledge and genuinely understand opposing views and overcome them with the force of your persuasion, for hostile or indifferent readers are not likely to go out of their way to understand you. Take opposing viewpoints seriously and do not oversimplify them. It is not effective or convincing to base your argument on easily refutable points.

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Gather facts and evidence that support your position and refute opposing positions. Look online, in newspapers, and in magazines for current articles on the subject. Take careful notes on what you read and use these notes to build a strong argument. Discuss your list of arguments and evidence with someone else to make sure you have covered all the important related points.

Draw up a thesis statement—sometimes called a proposition , a statement of what you propose to prove in your writing—and list your reasons underneath it. Beneath each reason, list the facts, figures, examples, or quotations that help support it. Always state the proposition in positive terms: "Teachers should be prohibited from secretly searching student lockers," rather than, "Teachers should not be allowed to secretly search student lockers. Convincing readers Give your reader—even an unsympathetic reader—the respect due him.

Be diplomatic. It is not persuasive to suggest that your opponents are morons who simply do not understand the matter, or that they are vicious sociopaths with a destructive hidden agenda.

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Rely on logic rather than emotion, using words that will elicit a positive reaction from your audience. Give credit to your opponents; then clearly point out the weakness in their position. As you write, define any key terms that you feel your audience will not understand, and use examples to illustrate your main points.

Statistics can be good attention grabbers, particularly in the introduction, but use them sparingly and round off numbers. Is truth universal? Is human behavior determined by genetics? Should child molesters be euthanized?

Learn How to Write a Persuasive Essay in Few Steps

Should the government be spending so much of our money on the Olympic Games? Should psychiatrists and priests break their vows when asked to testify in court? Should people go through psychological testing before being allowed to have children? Should people with disabilities be advised not to have children?

How to write a Persuasive Essay?

Should football teams be mixed in terms of gender equality? Should governments be using cyber-attacks to spy on other countries? Should there be borders between countries? Is nationality a justified concept when the world is moving towards globalization? Should same-sex marriages be allowed or banned in the USA? Is euthanasia cruel? Is sex orientation determined in childhood? This is a type of paper that demands facts.

Find data in the form of statistics, scientific experiments, and research materials that support your arguments.

Your professor is the audience for your persuasive essay. However, you should still write this paper as if you were explaining things to a beginner. Disproving the opposing claim is one of the most effective ways to prove your viewpoint. In academic writing, this approach is called refutation. Specific, relevant, and realistic examples can make your position stronger. Although persuasive writing is all about actual facts, you may also use well-known or less-known examples to prove your viewpoint.

There are three main elements of persuasive writing to remember: Logos — the appeal to reason and logic. You express it by using facts presented in logical manner. Ethos — the appeal to ethics.

Persuasive Essay Outline — HCC Learning Web

Pathos — the appeal to emotion. How to Write a Persuasive Essay Outline Your persuasive paper should achieve the perfect balance between logos, ethos, and pathos. Yes, feminism is justified main argument Thesis statement: Feminism is justified because although women in Western cultures have more freedom than ever, some women from all over the world are still being oppressed.

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